11C: Advanced Multiple Paragraphs 3

11C: Advanced Multiple Paragraphs 3
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Lesson 11C: Advanced Multiple Paragraphs 3 Quiz
Question #1: BRAVO FOR BREAD!

There are lots of choices for snacks. Chips, yogurt, veggies, chocolate, and fruit are just a few to name. Bread is another good choice. People love tearing into a crusty loaf of French bread or slathering a pita triangle with hummus. A slice of whole wheat bread topped with peanut butter and raisins is also a tasty snack.

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Question #2: BRAVO FOR BREAD!

Bread is one of the oldest prepared foods, dating back 30,000 years ago. Throughout history it has been one of the most popular foods. In our day, most bread is baked and yeast is what makes the bread rise. The yeast ferments by forming gas bubbles. When the gas bubbles develop, they become trapped within the dough. That raises the bread to give it lightness.

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Question #3: BRAVO FOR BREAD!

Dating back in history, records show that the oldest breads were flat and heavy. This is because the breads were made from seeds, nuts, or acorns, not grains. Long ago, the Native Americans pounded these ingredients into a form of flour; but doing this did not make the bread fluffy or light. Even yeast could not make these dense ingredients rise.

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Question #4: BRAVO FOR BREAD!

Along with yeast, you need protein flour to make bread rise. Wheat is the most common flour used. Start by grinding the seeds to make a coarse flour. Next, add water to form gluten, which makes the bread rise. It forms a network throughout the dough, which makes it elastic so that it can expand. Now it can hold the bubbles that the yeast forms. The tiny bubbles that help to make bread fluffy are carbon dioxide.

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Question #5: BRAVO FOR BREAD!

Light and smooth bread is rather recent. It used to be that people ground wheat between two stones. The grinding process caused the stones to wear away, so the flour accumulated stone grit. Then, a Swiss inventor crushed wheat between steel rollers, which eliminated the stone grinding process. Less grit meant lighter bread. Plus, it tasted much better!

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Question #6: BRAVO FOR BREAD!

Bread is extremely versatile. It is used for making sandwiches, turkey stuffing, and as a coating for fried foods. People also use bread in desserts, like bread pudding. What a diverse food!

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Question #7: THE DEAD SEA IS DYING

The saltiest body of water in the world is the Dead Sea, which lies between Israel and Jordan. It is six times saltier than any ocean. The Dead Sea’s high concentration of salt makes the water extremely dense. This creates buoyancy, where objects float on water.

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Question #8: THE DEAD SEA IS DYING

The Dead Sea basin has extreme heat, averaging 100 degrees. This combined with the water’s sulfur gases give the sea a foul odor. Birds have been known to drop from the nasty odor. Marine life cannot survive in these waters because it is way too salty even for saltwater-thriving fish. The concentration of salt is 10 times higher than the Atlantic Ocean’s waters.

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Question #9: THE DEAD SEA IS DYING

The abundance of salt comes from constant natural and artificial evaporation. During natural evaporation, the water vapor rises and the solids, like salt, remain. The fresh water from the Jordan River, along with many other springs flow directly into the Dead Sea. But the constant evaporation results from the same amount of incoming water absorbing into the atmosphere. Also, the Jordan River and the springs bring in some added salt. Entering waters bring extra salt from the soil and rocks that have leached into the waters.

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Question #10: THE DEAD SEA IS DYING

With the need for the mineral magnesium, industries are causing artificial evaporation. Magnesium is extracted from the water, leaving less water and more salt. Also, Israel, Jordan, and Syria are using much of the Jordan river and springs for their drinking consumption. This also adds to the Dead Sea’s water depletion. This has alarmed environmentalists.

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Question #11: THE DEAD SEA IS DYING

Scientists predict that something needs to be done or the Dead Sea is going to die. Both shorelines and water levels are receding three feet per year. Experts predict that within the next 50 years, the Dead Sea will dry up and they want to preserve it. Many concerned countries have searched for answers and found one.

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Question #12: THE DEAD SEA IS DYING

The Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian Governments have recently decided to funnel a Pipeline to channel water from the Red Sea into the Dead Sea. The estimated completion date will be approximately 2021, but by that time, water levels will decrease another 10 or more feet.

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Question #13: THE DEAD SEA IS DYING

Also, receding waters and sinkholes are forcing many popular beaches to close. Sinkholes are created when the fresh groundwater dissolves salt into the sand, creating deep cavities underground.

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Question #14: THE DEAD SEA IS DYING

Despite its name, concerns, and fumes, the Dead Sea is pretty; its waters are clean, smooth, and sparkling. Because some people believe that the water can cure certain diseases, people use the hot springs for health reasons. The Dead Sea has a popular health resort on the shore. The tourist trade is expanding, especially because the winter climate is warm and dry. The scenery is also magnificent. There is a cave on the West Bank, famous for its Dead Sea scrolls. Also, the Dead Sea is well-known because it is part of Biblical stories. History is all around the dead sea; some of the Crusaders used the Jordan River and the Dead Sea in their travels. Between the climate, beauty, and history, the Dead sea is a popular place to visit.

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Question #15: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

Scientists define fruit as “the part of a plant that develops from a flower and has seeds.” Since this is the case, what you thought were vegetables are actually fruits. For instance, bell peppers squash, cucumbers, and pumpkins are all fruits.

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Question #16: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

A true berry is a fruit that develops from a single flower and a single ovary. The ovary is the female part of a flower. It is the larger rounded lower part of the pistil of a flower that contains the ovules. After the ovules are double fertilized, they become seeds. Therefore, grapes, kiwis, and even bananas are berries. A banana being a berry is a surprise to most people!

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Question #17: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

Avocados also have seeds, so that makes them fruits. They have a lot of fat, but it is the good kind that lowers cholesterol. The creamy fruit also helps your body absorb nutrients in other produce, like tomatoes. So, toss some diced tomatoes into your next batch of guacamole!

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Question #18: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

Scientifically, tomatoes are fruits; but according to most people, they are vegetables. The law considers tomatoes vegetables because in 1800s, New York’s port taxed veggies, but not fruits. An importer wanted to cut costs, so he went to court saying that his tomatoes were fruits. The case went all the way to the Supreme Court, which ruled that, in “common language,” produce often served with meats or fish is a vegetable. The ruling ordered that the man had to pay a tomato tax. Thereafter, people regarded the tomato as a vegetable; but by scientific law, they are the “hidden” fruit.


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Question #19: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

When we think of calcium, the first thing that comes to mind is a nice glass of milk or a slice of cheese. Instead of pouring another glass of milk, you could reach for the fruit bowl. Figs are high in calcium. A cup of dried figs has as much calcium as a glass of milk. And unlike the drink, figs are also a great source of fiber. But do not eat too much because figs contain a lot of sugar and calories.

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Question #20: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

Do not let their names fool you because in the plant world, blackberries, raspberries, and even strawberries are not berries at all; they are clumps of tiny individual fruits that grew together. Botanically, the term is an aggregate fruit.

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Question #21: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

We all know that vitamin C is very important for our immune system and for our health. Scientists have proven that Vitamin C heals our cells, so it helps us heal faster, especially when we have colds. When we think of Vitamin C, the first fruit that comes to mind is an orange or grapefruit. Lemons and limes have Vitamin C too, but they are sour and most people would not choose to bite into them. Many do not know that ounce for ounce, kiwis pack the biggest nutritional punch of any fruit in the produce aisle. They have twice the vitamin C of an orange, and they are another high-potassium, low-salt alternative to bananas. They are packed with other vitamins, minerals, and heart-healthy nutrients, too.

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Question #22: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

Apples are another good source of fiber and vitamin C. Biting into one normally produces a sweet smell. That is because apples, pears, cherries, and plums are just some of the fruits that come from the same family tree as the rose. They are all cousins to the rose. Many times, dried apple slices are mixed with dried roses to make a sweet-smelling potpourri. The apple skin shares a lot of the same DNA as the rose. They may look a little alike, just like our cousins, who may bare some resemblance to us; but we are all unique in our own ways.

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Question #23: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

Many do not know that bell peppers are fruits. Scientists define fruit as the part of a plant that develops from a flower and has seeds. So that means bell peppers, along with squash, cucumbers, and pumpkins are all fruits.

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Question #24: THE TRUTH ABOUT FRUIT

If you want a special fruit treat, try making a fruit kabob out of all fruits; maybe not a traditional fruit kabob. Alternate oranges, cucumbers, red peppers and golden apples on a skewer. The sweet and fresh taste is not only delicious, but extremely healthy and low in fat. It is also a beautiful and colorful presentation of healthy foods, with alternating colors of green, orange, yellow and red! In your mind, you may be thinking that you are eating a fruit and veggie kabob, but based on learning the definition of a fruit, you know that you are eating a pure fruit kabob!

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Question #25: BASKETBALL

Did you know that an instructor of physical education by the name of James Naismith invented basketball? He worked at a YMCA in Massachusetts and he wanted to provide an indoor sport during the cold winter months.

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Question #26: BASKETBALL

Naismith conceived the game of basketball in 1891. He formed the basic rules and asked the janitor to nail two half-bushel baskets at each end of the gym. The baskets mounted to the balconies at opposite ends. The game started by using a soccer ball to put into the basket.

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Question #27: BASKETBALL

The half-bushel baskets had fixed bottoms and a ladder was used to get the ball out. Soon, metal baskets with bottoms replaced the wooden ones. The baskets had a small hole in the bottom and a pole was used to poke the ball out. The next improvement was adding a closed net to the metal basket. The official pulled a cord attached to the net so that the ball would drop down. Getting the ball out of the baskets was not such a big job because the scores in those days were low. A typical score for a full game might be 19 to 17. Then, in about 1913, the bottomless baskets came into use.

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Question #28: BASKETBALL

Backboards were introduced in 1894. Before that, spectators would lean over balconies, blocking shots. The soccer ball was eventually replaced, but in stages. The first replacement looked like a round laced football. The last replacement that came about in 1950 looks like a ball that we have today.

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Question #29: ELEPHANTS TO GO!

Wild elephants live in herds of 10 to about 50 and the leader is usually a female. The herds can walk through a forest quietly and they normally travel in single file. They move about six miles an hour, but when frightened, the herds may run at about 25 miles an hour. These heavy creatures also swim together across waters.

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Question #30: ELEPHANTS TO GO!

Elephants eat grass, leaves, small branches, and bark, including the tender leaves on the top of trees, using their heads to knock them down. Elephants also eat berries, mangoes, coconuts, corn, and sugar cane. They love salt. A wild bull (male elephant) eats from 500 to 600 pounds of food a day.

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Question #31: ELEPHANTS TO GO!

Many people are perplexed because despite searches across the earth, elephant bones and tusks are almost impossible to find. Ivory tusks are valuable for this reason. But the enigma is that elephants die, so where are their remains? This mystery results in explorers continuing their hunt for elephant remains.

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Question #32: Upload your completed worksheet.
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